Avoid soaps, and instead use a moisturising wash. Moisturising is the most important part of anyone’s skincare routine, so use a moisturiser daily. Ideally apply just after a shower when the skin is still damp which allows it to sink in more deeply. Avoid harsh central heating
One of the most commonly found moisturising ingredients is glycerine. Other ingredients which can be helpful, especially for hands and feet include urea, propylene glycol, salicylic or lactic acid, which help the moisturiser to penetrate the outer keratin layer of the skin which is thicker in these ares. Look out too for coconut oil, ceramide, coco butter and hemp. Liquid paraffin and white soft paraffin are helpful in very dry skin conditions
What Makes Skin Dry
One common cause is age, so it becomes even more important to moisturise as we grow older. Excess sun exposure will often dry out skin, so it is very important to take a good moisturiser when going on holiday. Some people are born with inherently dry skin. For example, when there is a mutation in the gene coding for an important skin protein known as fillagrin and it does not function properly, the skin is prone to dryness and eczema.
Dry skin is more sensitive and less tolerant so it is best to avoid fragranced products. Ideally you should choose a moisturiser with a small number of ingredients. When skin is feeling very dry and sensitive, ointments i.e. clear, greasy moisturisers tend to be less than irritating than creams.
Avoid the 3 Sins
The ‘3 Sins’ to avoid if you suffer from dry skin are excess sun exposure, smoking and soaps which are all drying for skin.